The Spectropop Group Archives presented by Friends of Spectropop

[Prev by Date] [Next by Date] [Index] [Search]

Spectropop - Digest Number 939

               SPECTROPOP - Spectacular! Retro! Pop!

There are 25 messages in this issue.

Topics in this digest:

      1. Re: Linda Laurie
           From: Mick Patrick 
      2. Re: Reparata & the Delrons / Cha Cha Charming
           From: Mick Patrick 
      3. Re: Would You Believe / Beverly Warren
           From: Mick Patrick 
      4. Re: Terry Knight & The Pack
           From: Sebastian Fonzeus 
      5. After The Party
           From: Sheila 
      6. Re: Flo & Eddie
           From: Steve Harvey 
      7. Another Johnny Rivers track
           From: Mike Edwards 
      8. Re: Johnny Rivers, Jimmy Webb track
           From: Bill Craig 
      9. Re: Re: Terry Knight
           From: Eddy 
     10. Vivian Stanshall
           From: Harkit Records 
     11. Saturday Morning Playlist - Number 7248 in an occasional series.
           From: Simon White 
     12. Beverly Warren
           From: Martin Roberts 
     13. Re: Vivian Stanshall
           From: Eddy 
     14. Rupert Holmes
           From: Richard Havers 
     15. Re: Pete Antell & the Percells
           From: Mick Patrick 
     16. Re: Iffy Dex
           From: James Botticelli 
     17. Re: Cameo-Parkway/ Terry Knight
           From: Frank Uhle 
     18. Re: Please Please Me (slowly...)
           From: Andres 
     19. Re: Beverly Warren / Let Me Get Close To You
           From: Don 
     20. Re: Johnny And The Hurricanes
           From: David Coyle 
     21. Re: Brian Hyland
           From: David Coyle 
     22. Re: Vivian Stanshall
           From: Michael Stroggoff 
     23. Re: (Dance With The) Guitar Man / Darlene Love
           From: Justin McDevitt 
     24. Re: Johnny Rivers, Jimmy Webb track
           From: Art Longmire 
     25. Re: Japanese 1960s girl pop
           From: Bill Reed 


Message: 1
   Date: Fri, 27 Jun 2003 22:50:49 +0100
   From: Mick Patrick 
Subject: Re: Linda Laurie

Brian Ferrari wrote:
> I have uploaded a couple of pics of Linda Laurie - the first
> is from Australian Women's Weekly: Teenager's Weekly, August
> 1959:  There
> are two articles - one is titled "Linda Laurie Loves Leotards!"
> It looks like a candidate for the RPM Dream Babes artwork. The
> second article has the 17 year old (who was in Australia with a
> package tour at the time) offering tips to catch boys. She
> should have been a Shangri-La.

Hey Brian,

The Linda Laurie fella, right? Good to meet you at the NY Shindig!
I was *totally* stressed out at the time. I blame *iffy* decks
and rather large measures at the bar. Hey ho. I just posted to the 
S'pop photos section a scan of a nice 7" EP by the "Ambrose" gal, 
released on the French Atlantic label. It cost me just 1 at a 
London Record Fair, one of my few recent bargains. Click right here 
and enjoy:  Is that 
Linda on the cover, or a suitably themed "library" shot? 

I'd love to read the two articles you mention. Any chance?

Hey la,

Mick Patrick

-------------------[ archived by Spectropop ]-------------------
Message: 2 Date: Fri, 27 Jun 2003 23:23:16 +0100 From: Mick Patrick Subject: Re: Reparata & the Delrons / Cha Cha Charming Ray wrote: > ...What a great idea it would have been to take pictures during > Reparata's sessions but, at that time, I never gave it a thought. > ...I do remember that Harry Belafonte was recording in the room > next door, and when he was finished, he came in to watch the > Reparata session...I also remember that four songs were recorded > during that session...Nobody's Baby...I Can Hear The Rain.... > Always Waiting...and...My Hero. The backup group included the > Delrons (Lorraine and Nanette) and Melba Moore, and another > singer whom I didn't know... Hi Ray, You're right, we love Reparata & the Delrons here on planet S'pop. Have you yet checked out the new issue of Sheila's magazine Cha Cha Charming? If not, I'd recommend you do so *tout suite* 'coz among the new features is an article about the "Whenever A Teenager Cries" gals written by the lovely Charlotte Greig and yours truly. Don't *panic*, just click here: I've also placed a great picture of the trio in the S'pop photo file: Enjoy. Is "My Hero" the same song as recorded so wonderfully by Renee St Clair? Or is your memory not *that* good? :-) Hey la, Mick Patrick -------------------[ archived by Spectropop ]-------------------
Message: 3 Date: Fri, 27 Jun 2003 23:23:18 +0100 From: Mick Patrick Subject: Re: Would You Believe / Beverly Warren Ian Chapman: > of the stars of the Spectropop Shindig, the > lovely Beverly Warren, also did something similar in '66, > entitled "Would You Believe". This had a Maxwell Smart > voice cutting in throughout the song. It's on the flip of > Beverly's northern BT Puppy 45, "So Glad You're My Baby".... > ...which I don't have, so I can't check the writing credits > - is it the same as the Baker Knight song? Beverly Warren's "Would You Believe" was written by Arnold Christie and Joseph Hornsby. If I'd have remembered what a nice track "So Glad You're My Baby" is, I'd have taken the 45 with me to NY to spin. As it happens, Miss Warren's "Let Me Get Close To You" got played instead. Did Carole King and Gerry Goffin ever write a more delicious song, I ask myself? Beverly has a chapter to herself in John Clemente's book Girl Groups. You all knew that already, right? If not, find out more here: Hey la, Mick Patrick (Obviously experiencing *displacement* this evening) -------------------[ archived by Spectropop ]-------------------
Message: 4 Date: Sat, 28 Jun 2003 00:39:13 +0200 From: Sebastian Fonzeus Subject: Re: Terry Knight & The Pack Hi! David Coyle wrote: > I'll take "Bad Time" or "Inside Looking Out" over "What's On > Your Mind" and "A Change On The Way" any day. "Bad Time"!!! What a tune! Absolutely magnificent pop! :) And the Jayhawks version ain't bad either. Take care! /Sebastian -------------------[ archived by Spectropop ]-------------------
Message: 5 Date: Fri, 27 Jun 2003 19:41:28 -0400 From: Sheila Subject: After The Party Hi everyone: A week has passed, and I too am still reveling in the afterglow of last weekend's events! I would like to thank all those who made Shindig! the perfect celebration of sixties pop music. As I was telling Country Paul, I feel the success and magic of this weekend was due to our collaborative efforts. We pooled together our love of '60s pop, Spectropop, and our individual talents to make a weekend that was truly unforgettable. I'm glad to see that It's My Party have been the talk of Spectropop in recent days. Perhaps the best part of Shindig! for me was watching everyone watch It's My Party. When I first saw them live two years ago (with a completely different line-up), I felt that this was the closest I was going to get to experiencing an authentic sixties girl group. I really wanted other '60s pop fans/ Spectropoppers to share this incredible experience, which is why I was so keen to have them at the Spectropop party. I have just completed a "Shindig! After The Party" page for Cha Cha Charming. For lots of photos and a review of the party, please visit: I'm moving to Tokyo in 2 weeks, so I shall be in touch from there. Sheila -------------------[ archived by Spectropop ]-------------------
Message: 6 Date: Fri, 27 Jun 2003 18:51:41 -0700 (PDT) From: Steve Harvey Subject: Re: Flo & Eddie The Rhino boxset of vinyl was everything from their career, not just Flo and Eddie. Don't forget the Checkpoint Charlie 12 inch ep on Rhino which was all Flo and Eddie. -------------------[ archived by Spectropop ]-------------------
Message: 7 Date: Fri, 27 Jun 2003 21:54:41 -0400 From: Mike Edwards Subject: Another Johnny Rivers track One Johnny Rivers track I have not been able to find is his last 45, "Heartbreak Love", which came out on MCA in 1984. Can anyone help? Thanks, Mike Edwards -------------------[ archived by Spectropop ]-------------------
Message: 8 Date: Sat, 28 Jun 2003 03:19:05 -0000 From: Bill Craig Subject: Re: Johnny Rivers, Jimmy Webb track Art Longmire wrote: > I like this whole (Rewind) LP but the "Eleventh Song" is the > one that has really attracted me over the years. Hey Art, I am also a big fan of this LP. A friend of mine became friendly with Jimmy Webb in the mid-90s and I gave him my original vinyl copy of Rewind to have J.W. hopefully autograph it. Unfortunately they lost touch with each other and I never got my autograph OR my record back! I think my fave cut is "Rosecrans Boulevard". Anyway, Jimmy - if you ever read these posts and you remember a guy named Andy Luria who might have given you a Johnny Rivers album to sign.... Bill Craig -------------------[ archived by Spectropop ]-------------------
Message: 9 Date: Sat, 28 Jun 2003 08:49:28 +0200 From: Eddy Subject: Re: Re: Terry Knight And another Beatles connection...there was talk of Apple releasing a TK&P album. I seem to remember it was supposed to be an archive release (an old live tape maybe). Anybody have any details on this? Eddy -------------------[ archived by Spectropop ]-------------------
Message: 10 Date: Sat, 28 Jun 2003 07:44:18 -0000 From: Harkit Records Subject: Vivian Stanshall I have been trying to locate a copy (was it ever released?) of Vivian Stanshall's "Men Opening Umbrellas Ahead" on UK Warners LP. If anybody can help, please let me know. Thanks! -------------------[ archived by Spectropop ]-------------------
Message: 11 Date: Sat, 28 Jun 2003 08:56:18 +0100 From: Simon White Subject: Saturday Morning Playlist - Number 7248 in an occasional series. By request - 01 . Devils Drive - Big Boris - RCA 2. I Could have Danced All Night - Peggy Lee - Capitol 3. Without Her - Preston Guild - Guild 4. What's The Password - The Elites -ERA 5. Sally Go Round the Roses - Luke Hoffman And His Group - Pop Parade 6. My Baby Just Cares For Me - Vic Damone 7. Avenues And Alleyways - Tony Christie - MCA 8. You Never Know - Johnny Nash - MGM 9. Never On Sunday - 'Groove' Holmes - Prestige 10. Recueredos de la Alhambra - Jose Louis Hidalgo y Su Trompeta - Sintonia 11. Ciao Baby - Mel Torme - Columbia 12. Don't Come Crying To Me - Eden Kane - Philips 13. The Sun's Message - The Butlers - Liberty Bell 14. I Love The Way He Calls Me Baby - The Shalimars - Verve 15. Roses And Rainbows - Danny Hutton - Pye International 16. The Locomotion - Cyril Stapleton and His Showband - Decca 17. Do Me A Favour - Howard Carpenter - Electrola 18. My French Love - Al Erik - Johnson 19. Don't Tell Anyone - Marsha Brody - 20th Century 20. Big Town - Carmen McCrae - Kapp -------------------[ archived by Spectropop ]-------------------
Message: 12 Date: Sat, 28 Jun 2003 08:12:29 +0100 From: Martin Roberts Subject: Beverly Warren Hi Ian, The writers of "Would You Believe" are Christie-Hornsby. Shame you missed Beverly and the party! Martin -------------------[ archived by Spectropop ]-------------------
Message: 13 Date: Sat, 28 Jun 2003 13:09:50 +0200 From: Eddy Subject: Re: Vivian Stanshall Someone asked: > I have been trying to locate a copy (was it ever released?) of > Vivian Stanshall's "Men Opening Umbrellas Ahead" on UK Warners > LP. If anybody can help, please let me know. Thanks! It was indeed released, but in a UK limited edition only. Read more here: Eddy -------------------[ archived by Spectropop ]-------------------
Message: 14 Date: Sat, 28 Jun 2003 12:53:00 +0100 From: Richard Havers Subject: Rupert Holmes I recently bought a Rupert Holmes CD on Amazon. It was cheap and I was curious as to what it was, as there was no track listing. When it arrived it was clearly a pre Widescreen collection of tracks. Some of which do not even sound like Rupert Holmes on vocals. He had a hand in writing most of them, including some with Vance and Pockriss. There are also some V&P only tracks. The list is as follows Savannah How do you like them apples Wanting you I wonder what happened to sally Stagecoach Robins World Thank you pretty baby Foundation of Love (the Cds title) There's so little time The Indian Sandy Thank you girl All the young women Ginger snap The world doesn't matter anymore The question is are they RH releases, other peoples in some cases, or just demos....a mixture of all that? Any ideas anyone? Thanks Richard -------------------[ archived by Spectropop ]-------------------
Message: 15 Date: Sat, 28 Jun 2003 13:24:44 +0100 From: Mick Patrick Subject: Re: Pete Antell & the Percells Mike Edwards wrote: > Pete Antell was one of the guests at the Shindig Party in > Manhattan on June 20th. Pete chatted with us and offered > some background info on his hit record, "Night Time" (Cameo > 234 from late '62)..."Night Time" is now playing in musica: > > ...Pete went on to record for Bob Crewe's New Voice label, > releasing the very tasty "Warm Smoke" in 1967... Hey la, Great to meet you at the Shindig, Mike. A little bird informs me that Pete Antell has collaborated with John Clemente in writing The Percells Story for publication on S'pop. We'd all better keep checking the New At Spectropop section but The Team will no doubt keep us informed. In the meantime, I've placed a cool 1963 shot of the Percells in the photo file. That's Pete Antell on the right and his regular songwriting partner John Linde on the left. Pete doesn't appear to have changed much in 40 years. Click right here and enjoy: Hey la, Mick Patrick -------------------[ archived by Spectropop ]-------------------
Message: 16 Date: Sat, 28 Jun 2003 09:56:32 -0400 From: James Botticelli Subject: Re: Iffy Dex *Stressed* Mick said: > I blame *iffy* decks I think that plague has hit Metropolis at large... JB/never met a deck in Gotham he's liked! -------------------[ archived by Spectropop ]-------------------
Message: 17 Date: Sat, 28 Jun 2003 10:45:02 -0400 (EDT) From: Frank Uhle Subject: Re: Cameo-Parkway/ Terry Knight Though I would agree that Terry Knight and the Pack, from my home state of Michigan, didn't record much memorable material, their first couple of 45s on Lucky 11 are GREAT. The first, "How Much More," is a bona fide garage rock classic, and easily their best recording for my money. It features some tasty bursts of fuzz guitar and lyrics about being hassled because of the singer's long hair (I assume this is Knight, who belts it out in a fabulously punky yet put-upon sounding voice). This cut, the flipside of "I've Been Told," was not on any of their albums, though it has appeared on several garage rock compilations (Chosen Few Vol. 2, and others). The second Lucky 11 45 contains a really cool version of "Got Love" (aka "Got Love If You Want It") with moody organ and echoey production. That, and its flipside "You're A Better Man Than I" is on the first Pack lp (as is "I've Been Told"). Apparently A&M put out a single _before_ these, "You Lie"/"Kids Will Be The Same," which I've never even seen. Anybody heard it? It's listed on the garage/psychedelic rock database of U.S. 60s bands. Frank Uhle -------------------[ archived by Spectropop ]-------------------
Message: 18 Date: Sat, 28 Jun 2003 15:04:32 -0000 From: Andres Subject: Re: Please Please Me (slowly...) Mikey proclaimed: > The Roy Orbison-like version of "Please Please Me" no longer > exists. For sure. Martin Roberts reacted: > Oh, how I wish I could be this sure on anything!! Here is what's written in the 'Mario Giannella Beatles Songs' book: 09/11/62 London, EMI Studio 2 takes unknown, original slow version (:)- tape destroyed Andres (if only we can trust Mario) -------------------[ archived by Spectropop ]-------------------
Message: 19 Date: Sat, 28 Jun 2003 16:33:58 -0000 From: Don Subject: Re: Beverly Warren / Let Me Get Close To You Mick Patrick wrote: > As it happens, Miss Warren's "Let Me Get Close To You" got played > instead. Did Carole King and Gerry Goffin ever write a more > delicious song, I ask myself? "Let Me Get Close To You" is a great song and was also recorded by Skeeter Davis, Jody Miller, and Alex Chilton. It seems Carole and Gerry may have written an answer song to this one. There is a song called "Try And Get Close To Me" and I think it was recorded by Skeeter Davis, though I have never heard it. Has anyone else? Don -------------------[ archived by Spectropop ]-------------------
Message: 20 Date: Sat, 28 Jun 2003 11:24:42 -0700 (PDT) From: David Coyle Subject: Re: Johnny And The Hurricanes Mikey: > David....What is the the title and # of the CD that > has Johnny and the Hurricanes doing vocals and Beatle > type stuff? The titles of the CDs are "Johnny And The Hurricanes Live At The Star-Club Hamburg, Vol. 1 and 2." I will look up the number for you, but I do know they were reissued on the Atila label, apparently by Johnny Paris himself a few years ago. Possibly limited run jobs, I bought them at a record show. The interesting thing is that Vol. 1 was apparently recorded New Year's Day 1963, when the famed Beatles tapes were made between Christmas Day and New Years Eve of 1962. There is a lot less audience noise on the tape, which means if the date is right, a lot of people didn't stay past the Beatles set. The second volume has Johnny mentioning that Jerry Lee Lewis would be playing there soon, dating that one close to the recording of Lewis's set there in '64. I'll look up the numbers, and the address that I think was given for Atila Records, but these are pretty old and may no longer be in print in any form. David -------------------[ archived by Spectropop ]-------------------
Message: 21 Date: Sat, 28 Jun 2003 11:27:57 -0700 (PDT) From: David Coyle Subject: Re: Brian Hyland I wouldn't mind seeing a mid-period compilation of Brian Hyland's work. I would take "The Joker Went Wild" and his version of the Impressions' "Gypsy Woman" over "SWAK" and "Itsy Bitsy Teenie-Weenie etc." any day. I remember finding the Philips 45 of "Joker" in a snatch of singles I bought, never having heard the song before -- very good song, with interesting production. David -------------------[ archived by Spectropop ]-------------------
Message: 22 Date: Sat, 28 Jun 2003 11:43:54 -0700 (PDT) From: Michael Stroggoff Subject: Re: Vivian Stanshall Eddy: > (The Viv Stanshall LP) was indeed released, but in a UK limited > edition only. Read more here: Thank you for this interesting link.... -------------------[ archived by Spectropop ]-------------------
Message: 23 Date: Sat, 28 Jun 2003 13:05:18 -0700 From: Justin McDevitt Subject: Re: (Dance With The) Guitar Man / Darlene Love Hi Mick and Spectropop friends, As a person who has lived with bouts of insomnia these last 20 or so years, I have tried over the years to put the pre-dawn "awake hours" to good use, rather than lying in my bed reviewing the laundry list of things in my life which could be better, should be better, need to get resolved etc. At this point the little guy with the T-shirt featuring the big anxiety logo takes center stage. I am heartened to know that you put this particular insomnia episode to good use. I recognize that 1963 was a banner year for Darlene Love, yet didn't realize to what extent her hand, or rather voice was in the other songs which you reference. I am familiar with these tracks and as I mentally put a quarter in the jukebox to hear them, or better yet, play them on my stallwart late 70s turntable, I can definitely hear her voice; and they say that blind people have superior hearing; (one of many myths about us, we just utilize this sense in its fullest capacity, at least some of us try too). What I need to do is have Mr Whitburn's book transcribed into braille, though I'm sure this voluminous tome runs to some 800-900 plus pages. Now how many braille volumes would that be? Justin McDevitt -------------------[ archived by Spectropop ]-------------------
Message: 24 Date: Sat, 28 Jun 2003 20:12:06 -0000 From: Art Longmire Subject: Re: Johnny Rivers, Jimmy Webb track Bill Craig: > I am also a big fan of this LP. A friend of mine became friendly > with Jimmy Webb in the mid-90s and I gave him my original vinyl > copy of Rewind to have J.W. hopefully autograph it. Unfortunately > they lost touch with each other and I never got my autograph OR my > record back! I think my fave cut is "Rosecrans Boulevard". Hello, Bill! You are right about this album, it's really a classic...everything comes together on it-Rivers and Webb in their prime, the playing and arrangements are wonderful. I like "Rosecrans Boulevard" a lot too, although my favorite version is the one by the Fifth Dimension, who also recorded "Eleventh Song" on one of their albums. I'd probably have to hear directly from Johnny or Jim to find out info on the recording sessions. regards Art Longmire -------------------[ archived by Spectropop ]-------------------
Message: 25 Date: Sat, 28 Jun 2003 20:15:46 -0000 From: Bill Reed Subject: Re: Japanese 1960s girl pop Chris: > I know a bit about the 60s garage groups from Japan, but virtually > nothing about the pop. Any pointers are most welcome? I posted the following to a "Favorite Tracks" web sitea while back. I would like to re-post it here. It seems germane to Chris' query. To whit: I am a follower of Japanese pop music, not just young further-out acts/groups like Cornelius (a master of tape loops), Shinichi Osawa (ANOTHER master of loops) and Love Psychedelico (think Beatles Meets Velvet Underground). But also that strain of Japanese pop which draws heavily on the stylistic traditions of the usual Brill Building suspects. i.e. solo Nihogo artists like Epo, Mayo Okamoto, and Mariko Takahashi, et al, especially the latter's tracks with arrangements by the great Tomaji Sogawa. Also Chage and Aska, Eichi Ohtaki, (sometimes called Japan's Phil Spector), Kazuhiko Katoh (his Sadistic Mika Band had a couple of LP's released in the west), the young acapella groups Gospellers and Rag Fair and, of course, Pizzicato Five. But I am especially drawn to the efforts of the great Japanese rock star Tatsuro Yamashita as a solo artist, and of his tracks as arranger-musician with his wife, Mariya Takeuchi, released under her name. She has been recording since the mid-1980s, and Tats (as he is affectionately known by his fans) since the late seventies. They are the Lunts of J-Pop. His first album was co-produced and arranged in the U.S. by the Four Seasons' Charles Callelo. Tats often sings in English, sometimes with original lyrics (not translations) by the U.S. songwriter- performer Alan O'Day. His three-volume set of overdubbed, acapella, doo-wop, "On the Street Corner" is w/o question. . .. Oh, don't get me started. There are a number of other artists such as these in Japan with uncommonly lengthy---by U.S. standards---careers. And believe it or not, a hit record in Japan sells in numbers that are generally far larger than the U.S. despite a population that is roughly half as large. Even new recordings by surviving traditional 50s Enka (a form of sentimental Japanese balladry) artists often hit the top ten. One of my favorite Takeuchi - Yamashita collaborations (she writes and sings, he arranges) is "Let's Get Married," which would most likely not be perceived as being retro or sixties or somesuch by the more flexible and openminded Japanese music audience. . .even though, admittedly it does draw upon such musical conceits. Instead, "Let's Get Married" would merely be regarded as a great record, case closed. This 1984 Takeuchi track is timelessly, and extra-territorily infectuous. But with the exception of Kyu Sakamoto in 1963 with his fluke number one single, "Sukiyaki," to the best of my knowledge no Japanese artist of any musical inclination has been able to crack the U.S. charts in any significant way. (Tho' the "idol" group Pink Lady did make it all the way to no. 35 or so one time.) General garden variety xenophobia coupled with a hard time wrapping the tongue around those hard-to-pronounce names with too many vowels and syllables. It is doubtful that LGM, even though it is sung by Takeuchi in perfectly accented English, was ever released in the U.S. Starting with a full blown fanfare of the Wedding March played on organ by Academy Award-winning musician Ryuichi Sakamoto, after a handful of neo-classical bars, "Let's Get Married" abruptly switches gears and mood and becomes an ever-ascending excercise in neo- Spectorian pop, replete with castinets, chimes, a swirling ooh-wah background chorale (courtesy of an overdubbed Yamashita), multiple drumkits, a full complement of string players and plenty of good old fashioned Gold Star Studio-style echo. A paen to the joys of marriage, my favorite moment happens at 1:42 way down in the mix right after Takeuchi sings the line "You and me with a small house and a dog," where, if you listen carefully you can hear the sound of a dog yapping for joy. Homage to the "Pet" at the end of Brian Wilson's "Caroline, No" perhaps? Tats' credits for the track read: "drums, electric guitar, acoustic guitar, keyboards, electric sitar, marima, vibes, glocken, percussion, background vocals and BOW WOW" (emphasis mine). And on tenor sax, Ernie Watts (always a good sign). Both Yamashita and Takeuchi had number one albums in Japan last year. Unlike most of their 70s and 80s U.S. rock/pop counterparts, they have not been cast aside by the bulk of Japanese record buyers, but continue to peak at the top of the charts with every new issue. A listen to this perfectly crafted, classic, three minute (well. . . 3:45 actually) track should help illustrate why this is so. -------------------[ archived by Spectropop ]-------------------

Click here to go to The Spectropop Group
Spectropop text contents copyright 2002 Spectropop unless stated otherwise. All rights in and to the contents of these documents, including each element embodied therein, is subject to copyright protection under international copyright law. Any use, reuse, reproduction and/or adaptation without written permission of the owners is a violation of copyright law and is strictly prohibited. All rights reserved.